In a life threatening emergency dial Triple Zero (000)

In a life threatening emergency dial Triple Zero (000)
ACT Public Hospitals

Canberra Hospital

5124 0000


Calvary Hospital

6201 6111

Mental Health

Call Mental Health Triage on

1800 629 354

(free call except from mobiles or public phones) or

6205 1065

Poisons Hotline

For a poison emergency in Australia call

131126

Drug and Alcohol Help Line

The Drug and Alcohol Help Line is available 24-hours, 7 days a week on

5124 9977

Health Protection Service

For after hours urgent public health matters including environmental health, radiation safety, food poisoning and communicable disease management phone:

(02) 6205 1700

healthdirect

24 hour health advice

1800 022 222

ACT State Emergency Service

Emergency help
during flood or storms

132 500

Indicator 19 ACT children’s level of reading, writing and numeracy by parental education


ACT Children's level of Reading, Writing and Numeracy by Parental Education


Indicator  description

The mean scale score of ACT students in Years 3, 5, 7 and 9 in National Assessment Program: Literacy and Numeracy (NAPLAN) testing in literacy (reading and writing) and numeracy by parental education level.

What do we measure?

The results are based on the performance of students at each year level who participated in the NAPLAN testing each year, by parental education levels. The mean scale score is the sum of students' scores divided by the number of scores in each year level in the NAPLAN testing for a particular year.

This information is sourced from NAPLAN National Reports for 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016 and 2017. Parental education represents the highest level of parental school or non-school education that either parent/guardian has completed.

Why is this important?

Research has indicated that parental education levels, among other factors including the amount of time parents spend discussing books with their child and the presence of study aids, is an important influence over a child's attainment of literacy and numeracy.32

The education level of a parent is a significant predictor of a child's educational achievements and behavioural outcomes. Parents who are educated raise children to have healthy self-perceptions when it comes to their academic abilities, engage them in intellectual activities that help them develop a healthy attitude about learning and generally have children with fewer behavioural problems that may hinder their learning experiences.33

Policy Context

The ACT Government recognises that just because children have the same opportunity to attend school does not imply that they have the same opportunity to learn. Personal circumstances play an important role in shaping children's learning outcomes. The government's objective is to minimise the differences in children's learning outcomes based on parental education so that children have equal opportunities to determine their life outcomes.

How is the ACT Progressing?

Table 24: Mean score of students in Year 3 in reading by parental education, ACT and Australia, 2013-17

 

2013

2014

2015

2016

2017

 

ACT

Aust.

ACT

Aust.

ACT

Aust.

ACT

Aust.

ACT

Aust.

Bachelor

465

457

463

459

466

466

460

464

465

469

Diploma

424

419

412

419

420

423

430

422

417

425

Certificate

408

401

402

398

402

403

405

403

403

407

Year 12

405

401

408

397

413

403

407

401

421

405

Year 11

381

369

397

359

406

365

364

365

392

369

Not stated

455

394

430

390

430

398

441

399

429

404

Source: NAPLAN, Achievement in Reading, Writing, Language Conventions and Numeracy, National Report 2017.

Table 25: Mean score of students in Year 3 in writing by parental education, ACT and Australia, 2013-17

Definition of terms
Bachelor - Bachelor degree or above
Diploma - Advanced diploma/diploma
Certificate - Certificate I to IV
Year 12 - Year 12 or equivalent
Year 11 - Year 11 or equivalent or below
Not stated - No data was provided for parental education at the time of enrolment.

 

2013

2014

2015

2016

2017

 

ACT

Aust.

ACT

Aust.

ACT

Aust.

ACT

Aust.

ACT

Aust.

Bachelor

437

442

416

429

433

442

430

444

426

438

Diploma

412

420

396

406

409

419

414

421

407

413

Certificate

401

405

382

390

399

403

401

408

390

399

Year 12

403

406

391

391

406

404

396

408

406

399

Year 11

369

376

374

359

400

373

377

380

388

369

Not stated

423

388

400

375

409

390

424

398

409

389

Source: NAPLAN, Achievement in Reading, Writing, Language Conventions and Numeracy, National Report 2017.

Table 26: Mean score of students in Year 3 in numeracy by parental education, ACT and Australia, 2013-17

 

2013

2014

2015

2016

2017

 

ACT

Aust.

ACT

Aust.

ACT

Aust.

ACT

Aust.

ACT

Aust.

Bachelor

434

430

434

436

428

432

429

436

436

443

Diploma

399

397

392

401

393

395

396

397

396

404

Certificate

381

381

384

385

381

379

381

381

383

388

Year 12

383

381

388

383

385

378

382

380

403

386

Year 11

363

354

376

353

379

347

354

350

370

355

Not stated

423

375

415

378

401

375

415

380

409

386

Source: NAPLAN, Achievement in Reading, Writing, Language Conventions and Numeracy, National Report 2017.

Results within the ACT indicate that students in Year 3 whose parents have a bachelor degree or diploma achieved above the national mean score when compared with students whose parents have a Year 11 equivalent. This reflects the wider trends within Australia.

In the ACT and for most Australian jurisdictions, Year 3 students whose parents have a bachelor degree or higher achieved a higher mean score. In the ACT, and across Australia, students whose parents completed Year 12 or higher achieved a higher mean score, compared to students whose parents had not completed Year 12.

Family

32 AIHW 2009, A picture of Australia’s children 2009, cat. no. PHE 112.
33 Seifert S, Does the Education Level of a Parent Afect a Child’s Achievement in School?, How to (Adult)