Leading causes of Hospitalisations for ACT Children
The leading causes of hospitalisations for ACT children.
What do we measure?
The top 25 diagnosis related groups for ACT resident patients aged 14 years and younger (excluding neonates) who are admitted to hospital.
Why is this important?
This indicator identifies the leading causes of hospitalisation and enables health planners to ensure that health promotion, early intervention and our public hospital services are able to respond effectively to major changes in the demand for hospital services for children.15
The main causes of hospitalisation for children are injury and infectious diseases.
Vaccination is the best way to protect individuals and the community against a range of communicable diseases. ACT Health actively promotes vaccinations for all children and adolescents in the ACT.
The top 25 diagnoses for the hospitalisation of children, account for more than half of all hospital episodes for people aged 14 years or less at ACT public hospitals.
How is the ACT progressing?
Table 7: ACT Public Hospitals, top 25 diagnoses for hospital admission by volume, persons aged 14 years or less, 2016-17
Other factors influencing health status
Bronchitis and asthma
Musculoskeletal injuries, same day
Respiratory infections and inflammations
Abdominal pain and mesenteric adenitis
Otitis media and upper respiratory infections
Respiratory signs and symptoms
Injuries to forearm, wrist, hand and foot
Tonsillectomy and adenoidectomy
Inflammatory bowel disease
Reticuloendothelial and immunity disorders
Oesophagitis and gastroenteritis
Dental extractions and restorations
Other digestive system disorders
Other male reproductive system disorders
Poisoning/toxic effects of drugs and other substances
Myringotomy w tube insertion
Humerus, tibia, fibula and ankle procedures
Red blood cell disorders
Source: ACT Health, admitted patient care data set, hospital separations for persons aged 14 years or less 2016-17 (excludes admissions for births, ACT residents only).
In 2016-17, there were 5,090 inpatient hospital episodes recorded at ACT public hospitals for Canberra residents aged 14 years or less. This is consistent with the number of inpatient episodes recorded in the previous year with 4,907 admissions in 2015-16. This is significantly more than previous years which was 4,124 in 2014-15, 4,024 in 2013-14; 4,143 in 2012-13; 4,167 in 2011-12; and 4,024 in 2010-11.
The major causes of hospitalisation for children in 2016-17 were other factors influencing health status generally relating to social reasons* (315 episodes), followed by bronchitis and asthma (228 episodes) and musculoskeletal injuries (196 episodes). The top two major causes of hospitalisation for ACT children have remained consistent over the past four years.
* Social reasons include diagnosis categories relating to wound and device care, allergy testing, immunisations and screening, and mental health care.
15 ACT Government 2016, A Picture of Children and Young People in the ACT 2016