Gross Motor Skills

Core Strengthening for Children

Gross motor skills are movements that involve the large muscles the body (trunk and limbs) to perform every day actions, including sitting upright, standing, walking and running.

During the first 2 years of life babies learn the fundamental movement skills required to start engaging in the world. These early gross motor skills allow babies to move and explore their environment and offer increased learning experiences.

Gross motor skills for babies include:

  • Rolling
  • Sitting
  • Getting in and out of sitting (transitioning)
  • Crawling
  • Getting in and out of standing (transitioning)
  • Cruising
  • Walking

Children require good balance, coordination and core stability in order to achieve advanced gross motor skills. Advanced gross motor skills enhance children’s social interactions and inclusion by allowing them to participate with confidence in active games, physical activities and sports. Confidence and enjoyment in physical activities encourage lifelong healthy habits.

Advanced gross motor skills for children include:

  • Jumping
  • Waking up and down stairs
  • Kicking a ball
  • Running
  • Climbing
  • Hopping
  • Catching and throwing
  • Riding a bike and scooter
  • Information Sheets
  • Core stability


Good Habits for life, Kids at Play

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